HART CANNA

CANNA TRIAL INTERNATIONAL 2018

Open Days: Friday 24 August to 27 August, 10.00am to 4.00pm. Admission £3.00
Lincluden Nursery, Shaftesbury Road, Bisley, Woking, Surrey, GU24 9EN

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Canna trial 2018

Part of Canna Trial International 2018.
Photo taken on 4 August 2018
(click on picture to enlarge)

Object: To show and compare canna cultivars from our Plant Heritage National Collection of Cannas, and also from our Hart Canna Online Catalogue.

Plan: We will grow 3 to 5 samples of each variety (depending on size) in 3 avenues of about 50 varieties in each avenue. These will be grouped by size and type, for instance, we shall have tall, medium and short varieties, grouped under colours: red orange, pink, yellow, white, variegated. We shall also have a section of the species. We shall separately have an exhibition of cannas grown in pots.
These will be planted out in our field on 1st June. They should all be flowering by August. The trial will end in mid September.

History of our canna trials This is our third trial of cannas. The first was in 2006, and we called it "Canna Trial International". Varieties were submitted by breeders in the UK, USA, Israel, Australia, Holland, France, hence the name "International", which we have retained. The winning variety was 'Golden Orb', a new variety bred by Jim Ranger, which is now one of our best selling varieties. We can hope to receive candidates from overseas in future years. This year we have provided all the varieties and species ourself. Our employee, Janis Raubiska, is responsible for the trial, and will be in attendance on the public days.

Royal Horticultural Society Canna Trials The RHS have held trials of cannas on their Wisley trials ground in 1906 and 2002. 22 varieties have been given the RHS AGM Award. Two from the 1906 trial, 'Wyoming' and 'Louis Cayeux' are still available and are present in our 2018 trial. Five varieties that were given awards in the 2002 trial are presently lost to cultivation ('Amundsen', 'Aphrodite', 'Ingebourg' 'Picasso' 'Schwabische Heimat'). We would love to find them again. Incidentally, the 'Picasso' and 'Aphrodite' sometimes seen in garden centres are recent re-namings and are not the same varieties that received the AGM award. Those award-winning cannas that we know to exist, and we think are correctly named, 17 varieties, are grown in our own 2018 trial, and are labelled with the RHS AGM Insignia, award of merit and are shown in the list below.

Location: Lincluden Nursery. Shaftesbury Road, Bisley, Surrey, GU24 9EN (Find the Hen and Chickens pub, on the A322, and we are just around the corner, 2nd turn on the right).

Visitors: Visitors will be welcome at our Open Days: 24 to 27 August, 10.00am to 4.00pm, admission £3.00. Plenty of parking. Portaloo.
Otherwise anytime by arrangement, phone 0776 295 0000


'Alaska' RHS AGMaward of merit Medium height. Dark green foliage. Large clear white flower.
'Alberich' Medium height. Dark green foliage. Large peach coloured flower.
'Ambassadour' Dark green foliage. Large white flower, with a touch of yellow in the centre.
'Annei' RHS AGM award of merit Possibly the first named hybrid (1848). Extremely tall, we think it is the tallest hybrid, well over 2m, with long slender glaucous leaves. The apricot flowers and characteristically long rhizome confirm it to be Stuttgart without the stripes!
'Argentina'

Very tall variety of C. indica native to Argentina. Bright green foliage. Small orange flowers.

'Assaut' Tall. Pale bronze foliage. Large well shaped red flower.
'Australia' Tall and slender. Very deep chocolate foliage which is shiny. It is generally accepted to have the darkest foliage of any canna. Orange-red flower. photo2
'Bengal Tiger' See 'Pretoria'
'Bethany' RHS AGMaward of merit A bi-coloured sport of 'Pretoria'. We think it is exactly the same as Tropicann Gold.
'Bird of Paradise' Quite distinct. A tall and somewhat lanky canna with foliage of various shades including pink.
'Black Knight' Tall. Pale bronze foliage. Large and very dark red flower
'Brilliant' Short and bushy. Dark green narrow leaves reddish stems. Red flower
'Britannia'

tall, green foliage, bicolour flower. Italian series.

'Caballero' We can't see any difference between this and Yara.
'Calimero'

Medium height. Green foliage. Flowers yellow heavily blotched red.

CANNOVA SERIES A series of cannas bred by Takii, introduced 2015.
'Cannova Bronze Orange' Fowers red. Dark brown foliage
'Cannova Bronze Scarlet' Fowers red. dark brown foliage
'Cannova Red Shades' Fowers red. Green foliage.
'Cannova Orange Shades' Fowers orange. Green foliage.
'Cannova Rose' Fowers pink. Green foliage.
'Cannova Yellow' Fowers yellow with pink spots. Green foliage.
'Cannova Lemon' Fowers very pale yellow with pink spots. Green foliage.
'Cannova Mango' Fowers pink. Green foliage.
'Carnival'

Medium height. Green foliage. Flowers fiery orange/yellow

'Caroni'

A distinct variety named by us in 2014. It is a big and very stout plant with large leaves that are distinctively pale and small yellow flowers. It came to us as C. glauca, collected from the Caroni Swamp, Trinidad, but it is quite different to other C. glauca in its robustness, the pale colour of its foliage, and shape of its flower.

'Centenaire de Rozain Boucharlat'

Medium height. Green foliage with reddish stems. Deep red flowers.

'Champion'

Tall. Bronze foliage. Flowers shades of pink.

'ChouChou'

Medium height. Green foliage. Flowers yellow softly blushed pink, with speckles.

'Citrina'

Medium height. Green foliage. Clear yellow flowers.

'City of Portland'

Medium height. Green foliage. Pink flowers with a yellow edge. Also called 'Orchid'

'Cleopatra' A spectacular chaemera with mixed colours of foliage and flowers. Medium height.
'Corail' Short and bushy. Pale bronze foliage. Dark orange flowers.
'Corsica' Medium height. Green foliage. Flowers mixed peach/apricot.
'Delibab' Medium height. Green foliage. Coral flowers.
'Durban' RHS AGM award of merit This is the orange flowered Durban. In the USA Durban refers to a red-flowered hybrid. Garishly striped foliage.
'Ehemannii' RHS AGMaward of merit A hybrid of the species C. iridiflora . Giant plant with large green leaves. Nodding cerise flowers.
'Eric Neubert' RHS AGMaward of merit

medium height. Distinctive bronze foliage and narrow leaves. Brilliant flame coloured flowers. Also called 'Verdi'

'Embleme'

Tall. Pale bronze foliage. bright orange flowers.

'En Avant'

Medium height. Green foliage. Yellow flowers uniformally spotted red

'Ermine' Medium height. Green foliage. Creamy white flowers
'Extase'

Medium height. Heavy green foliage. Peach-coloured flowers

'Fatamorgana'

See 'Perkeo'

'Feu Magique'

Tall. Dark bronze foliage. Large deep red flowers

'Fiesta'

Tall. Green foliage. Distinctive ellow flowers with red centres

'Firebird' Medium height. Green foliage. Bushy red flowers
'Flame'

Medium size. Green foliage. Yellow and red flowers much bloched

'General Eisenhower' RHS AGMaward of merit Tall. Very dark foliage. Beautiful curvaceous leaves. Dark orange/red flowers
'Golden Orb'

Medium height. Bronze foliage. Large well-shaped golden flowers

'Gran Canaria'

Medium height. Dark green foliage. Creamy-white flowers

'Grande'

see 'Musifolia Grande'

'Grandiose'

Medium height. Pale bronze foliage. Orange/red flowers

HAPPY SERIES A range of very short cannas introduced around 2016
'Happy Carmen' Very short. Dark green foliage. Dark red flowers
'Happy Cleo' Very short. Dark green foliage. Orange flowers
'Happy Emily' Very short. Dark green foliage. Yellow flowers speckled red.
'Happy Isabel' Very short. Dark green foliage. Pink flowers
'Happy Julia' Very short. Very dark bronze foliage. Red floweers
'Happy Wilma' Very short. Bronze foliage. Orange flowers
'Henlade'

Medium height. Green foliage. .

'Herman' tall. Narrow dark bronze foliage. Dark red flowers
'Himalayan Red'

Medium height. Green foliage. Clear yellow flowers.

'HW Cole'

Medium height. Green foliage. C.

'Indiana'

Tall. Green foliage. Distinctive orange flowers

'Intrigue'

A tall foliage variety with narrow dark bronze leaves and small orange flowers

'Italia' Tall. Green foliage. Larg bi-ccoloured flower. An Italian series canna
'Jivago'

Medium height. Green foliage. Brilliant orange flowers

'King Midas'

Medium height. Green foliage. Clear yellow flowers.

'Kreta'

Medium height. Green foliage. .

'Leopoldi'

Medium height. Green foliage. .

'Lesotho Lil'

Very tall. Green foliage. Orange flowers

'Lincroft'

Medium height. Green foliage. Clear yellow flowers.

'Lippo'

Medium height. Green foliage. Red flowers.

'Lolita'

Medium height. Green foliage. Distinctive deep cerise flowers with a pale edge

'Louis Cayeux' RHS AGM 1906 and 2002award of merit Tall. Green foliage. Very large creamy pink flowers
'Lucifer' Short. Green foliage. Red flowers with a yellow edge
'Lucy Steele Short. Green foliage. Pink flowers with yellow centreowers with yellow edge
'Madame Paul Casaneuve'

Tall. Green foliage. Pink flowers.

'Malvern' Medium. Green folage. scarlet flowers with fine yellow edge
'Marlena'

Medium height. A bulky plant with bronze folaige. Coral pink flowers

'Marabout'

tall. Green foliage. small orange flowers.

'Mersey'

Medium height. Green foliage. .

'Marshmallow' Short plant. Deep green foliage. Pale pink flowers
'Montaigne' Tall. Dark bronze foliage. Frilly dark orange/red flowers
'Musifolia Grande' RHS AGMaward of merit The banana-leaved canna. A giant and distinctive plant. Giant green leaves with red veins and stems. Rarely flowers in the uk. The flowers are small and orange.
'Mystique' RHS AGMaward of merit A foliage variety. tall, narrow bronze leaves. Small red flowers
'Oiseau d'Or' Medium height. Green folaige. large very pale yellow flowers
'Orange Chocolate' Short. Bronze. orange flowers
'Orange Punch' Short. Green folage. Brilliant orange flowers
'Pallag Szepe'

Medium height. Green foliage. Unique pinking flowers with pale edge. An old Hungarian variety

'Panache' Tall. Green foliage with narroe leaves. Unique spider cream flowers with mahogany centers.
'Panama'

Medium height. Green foliage. Clear yellow flowers.

'Passionata'

Medium height. Green foliage. Clear yellow flowers.

'Perkeo' medium height. Green foliage. Dusky pink flowers
'Phasion' See 'Durban'
'Pink Bhutan'

Medium height. Green foliage.

'Picasso'
Yellow flowers lightly spotted. This is the variety coommonly sold as 'Picasso'. It is not the original heritage Picasso, a much more impressive variety, which seems to be lost to cultivation'>
'Pink Perfection' Medium height. green foliage. large shocking pink flowers.
'Pink Sunburst' See 'Pringle Bay'
'President' medium height, but a stocky plant. Pale green leaves with large thick leaves. Large scarlet flowers
'Pretoria' RHS AGMaward of merit Medium to tall. Green leaves with yellow stripes in a herringbone pattern. large tangerine orange flowers
'Prince Charmant' Medium to tall. Green foliage. Large pink flowers
'Pringle Bay' very short and stout. Bicoloured leaves. Pale pink flowers
'Puck' Short and very stout. large spoon-shaped leaves. Large pale yellow flowers
'Purpurea' Very tall (up to 3m), rather fastigiate growth. Deep bronze folage. Small orange flowers
'Queen Charlotte' medium height. Green foliage. Bicoloured flowers in red and yellow. Very distinctive
'Regal Red'

Medium height. Green foliage. .

'Richard Wallace' Medium to tall. A very bushy plant producing many stems. pale green leaves. Yellow flowers lightly speckled with pink
'Robert Kemp' A foliage variety. Tall, pale green, with small orange flowers. Procuces large clumps
'Roi Humbert' Tall. Dark bronze foliage. Dark orange flowers
'Roi Soleil' RHS AGMaward of merit medium to tall. Green foliage. Intense rark red flowers
'Roma' medium height. Green foliage. Large flaccid bi-coloured flowers
'Rosa Fuerta' Medium height. Green foliage. Strong pink flowers
'Rosemond Coles' Medium to tall. Stout green foliage. Heavy bicoloured flowers in red and yellow
'Rubra Superbissima' Tall. Bronze Foliage. small orange flowers.
'Russian Red' RHS AGMaward of merit A very tall foliage variety which produced a big bulky plant. Leaves bigger and darker than Purpurea. Small orange flowers
'Saladin'

tall, bronze foliage, pink flowers with a silver sheen

'Salsa' medium height, green foliage, yellow flowers
'South Pacific' Medium height. Green foliage. Pink flowers with yellow centre.
'Semaphore' Tall. Bronze foliage. Brilliant golden yellow flowers
'Shenandoah' RHS AGMaward of merit Medium height. Bronze foliage. Distinctive shocking-pink flowers
'Singapore Girl' Tall, pale green, large orange flowers
'Society Belle' RHS AGMaward of merit Very tall, Green foliage tinged bronze. small orange flowers. RHS AGM Award, 2002. Discovered and naturalised in WRHS Wisley Garden,
'Striped Beauty' Medium height. Green leaves with a white pinstripe. Yellow flowers with a central white stripe
'Stuttgart' One of the tallest cannas. Narrow glaucous leaves variously splashed and steaked ith cream. The cleam areas often turn brown, but this does not detract from the beauty of the plant. Small apricot flowers
'Tali' Short, bronze, orange flowers
'Taroudant' Medium height. Green foliage. Flowers yellow blotched red
'Tchad' See 'Black Knight'
'Triomphe' tall. Dark bronze foliage. Dark red flower
Tropicanna (TM) See 'Durban'
Tropicanna Gold (TM) We think this is identical to 'Bethany'
Tropicanna Black (TM) We think this is identical to 'General Eisenhower'
TROPICAL SERIES A range of very short cannas produced from seed 2016
'Tropical Bronze/Scarlet' Short, dark bronze foliage. Scarlet flower. Usually grown from seed
'Tropical Salmon' Very short. Green foliage. Salmon flower. Usually grown from seed
'Tropical Red' Very short. Green foliage. Salmon flower. Usually grown from seed
'Tropical Rose' Very short. Green foliage. Pink flower. Usually grown from seed
'Tropical White' Very short. Green foliage. White flower. Usually grown from seed
'Tropical Yellow' Very short. Green foliage. Yellow flower speckled red. Usually grown from seed
'Verdi' See 'Eric Neubert'
WATER CANNAS A range of 4 aquatic cannas introduced by Longwood Gardens, Pennsylvania
Water Canna 'Erebus' RHS AGMaward of merit Very tall. Narrow glaucous folige. Pink flower. RHS AGM Award
Water Canna 'Endeavour' Very tall. Narrow glaucous folige with red edge. Red flower. RHS AGM Award
Water Canna 'Ra' RHS AGMaward of merit Very tall. Narrow glaucous folige. yellow flower. RHS AGM Award
Water Canna 'Taney' Very tall. Narrow glaucous folige. Orange flower. RHS AGM Award
'Weymouth' N

Medium height. Green foliage. .

'Whithelm Pride'award of merit Medium to tall. Dark green foliage with red veins and stems. large damask-pink flowers.
'Wintner's Colossal' Very tall. Green foliage, Orange flowers
'Wyoming' RHS AGM 1906 and 2002award of merit very tall, one of the tallest floral varieties. Dark leathery foliage. large tangerine-orange flowers.
'Yara' Short. Green foliage. Yellow flowers speckled red
'Yellow Bird'

Medium height. Green foliage. yellow flowers.

SPECIES

C. paniculata N

Tall. Dark green leaves. Small orange flowers which only have 1 petal.
C. compacta See 'Robert Kemp'
C. indica Several varieties. Various heights and colours of flower.
C. warszewiczii Short, narrow stems. Distinctive wavy-edged olive green leaves with red veins and stems. Bright red flowers and seed pods.

C. jaegeriana/i>

Tall, with pale orange small but distinctive flowers. Rather more tender than floral hybrids.
C. turckheimii N

syn C. latifolia. 2 sources. Tall. Enormous bright green leaves. Orange flowers. Rather more tender than floral hybrids.

C. flaccida pale geen leaves. Yellow "tissue paper" flowers. Night flowering
C. glauca Medium height. narrow glaucous leaves. Attractive spidery flowers.
C. glauca 'Caroni'

An interesting form with very pale foliage and compact yellow flowers.

C. amabilis short. green foliage, red flowers.
C. jacobiniflora medium height. Green foliage. orange fLowers which remain closed.
C. patens

Various sources. An attractive dainty species with wiry stems and small green leaves. Attractive bicoloured flowers.

C. altensteinii very tall, 3m or more. Pale green leaves and small orange flowers.

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